Charting Agriculture’s Future in the Wake of Climate Change: Insights from COP28 for Nigeria


The conclusion of the COP28 climate summit in Dubai marked a period rich in dialogue and debate, with a particular focus on Nigeria’s role. The summit, an integral part of the 2023 United Nations Climate Change Conference, emphasized the critical role of agriculture in both exacerbating and mitigating climate change. This post examines how Nigeria, amidst economic challenges and a notable delegation at COP28, can utilize the summit’s insights to advance its agricultural sector.

The COP28 Context:

The COP28 event in Dubai, from November 30 to December 12, 2023, became a global hub for climate action dialogue. The size and composition of Nigeria’s delegation to the summit sparked significant discussion, critiqued for its potential impact on the nation’s economic resources. The Nigerian Presidency clarified the delegation’s composition, emphasizing the presence of diverse stakeholders, including private sector players, civil society organizations, and representatives from the Niger Delta region.

Agriculture at the Heart of Climate Action:

At a critical point, Nigeria’s agricultural sector has a significant impact on climate change. As the continent’s largest economy with a key role in climate issues, Nigeria’s strategy for aligning agriculture with climate change objectives is crucial.

Lessons from COP28:

Key takeaways from COP28 for Nigerian agriculture include:

  1. Sustainable Farming Practices: The summit highlighted the need for environmentally sustainable agricultural practices, such as no-till farming and agroforestry.
  2. Technological Advancements: The role of technology in agriculture was emphasized, pointing towards more efficient use of resources and reduced emissions. Investment in agricultural technology is essential for Nigeria’s economic and environmental goals.
  3. Global Cooperation: The importance of international collaboration in addressing climate challenges was underscored, with Nigeria standing to gain from global partnerships in sustainable agricultural practices.

Challenges and Opportunities:

The Nigerian agricultural sector must adapt to changing climatic conditions, requiring changes in crop selection, irrigation methods, and pest management strategies. This adaptation phase also presents opportunities for innovation and economic growth, leading to a more resilient agricultural sector.


COP28 acts as a reminder and a directive for Nigeria. The agricultural sector, pivotal for the country’s economy and the welfare of its population, must evolve to meet climate change challenges. This evolution involves adopting sustainable practices, investing in new technologies, and engaging in global climate action discussions. As Nigeria reflects on its participation in COP28 and tackles its economic challenges, its agricultural sector stands as a key driver in moving the country towards a sustainable and prosperous future.

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